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Oakes , North Dakota
February 27, 2003     Oakes Times
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February 27, 2003

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Section B --- The Times Leader, Thursda),, Februar), 27, 2003 @ The orange wheat blossom midge outlook continues to be positive for North Dakota's wheat producers going into the 2003 growing season, according to an entomologist with the North Dakota State University Extension Service. Based on results from the latest wheat midge survey, the overwintering population con- tinues to remain low, even in north- western North Dakota where prob- lems with this insect have persisted in recent years. "The risk for wheat midge prob- lems this coming year continues but at very low levels. Our samples detected generally low numbers of midge cocoons in the soil samples taken from last years wheat fields," says Phillip Glogoza, extension entomologist at NDSU. None of the 200 fields sampled in the survey had healthy, overwinter- ing populations of wheat midge lar- vae exceeding 1,200 larvae per square meter. This level of midge has been critical in past seasons. Because of the high risk of infesta- tion associated with that level of overwintering midge, management recommendations suggest that when larval counts exceed 1,200, farmers should consider growing wheat only if they are prepared to monitor their fields for the adult midge and only if they are prepared to budget for and make timely insecticide treatments where war- ranted. "There were scattered areas where midge populations were esti- mated to be in the 200 to 500 larvae per square meter," Glogoza says. "A few sampled fields were estimated to have 500 to 800 larvae per square meter." One word of caution, though. Midge larvae were present in signif- icant numbers at three locations: north~central Mountrail, central Ward, and northeastern Rollette counties. These' small areas had cocoon counts that exceeded 800 per square meter, but larvae were parasitized at a rate as high as 75 percent. Para~;itized larvae do not produce adult midge and therefore parasitism reduces the midge poten- tial for the coming year in those locations. As in previous years, areas where population estimates were above 500 midge larvae per square meter still require close vigilance by wheat farmers, Glogoza says. These larval populations can lead to major economic infestations if the wheat crop is heading during adult midge emergence and environmental con- ditions are favorable for midge activity. "Weather conditions during the spring and summer are very impor- tant in determining if economic injury will actually occur," Glogoza says. "If heading coincides with emergence of the midge and weath- er conditions are favorable for the female to lay eggs, producers will need to monitor fields, even in areas where the survey says populations are low, to determine if a pesticide application is necessary. High soil moisture, warm and calm condi- tions, and high humidity have all favored midge egg laying in past years." The best preventive action pro- ducers can take is to plant their wheat as early as possible this spring and select an early maturing cultivar suitable to their region. With early planting, wheat can reach the flowering stage before significant levels of midge have emerged, Glogoza explains. Wheat is susceptible to midge infestation from the time the head emerges from the boot until 80 percent of the primary heads have anthers visible. "By monitoring spring tempera- tures, we are able to alert farmers to that time when planted wheat will be at greatest risk to midge;" says Glogoza. Wheat that goes in the ground prior to the accumulation of 200 degree days for insect development should be heading prior to signifi- cant midge emergence: This period usually runs from mid-to late-May depending on the area of the state. Glogoza says the formula tbr deter- mining degree days for insect devel- opment differs from the formula for crop development. Entomologists use 40 F for midge development rather than 32 F for wheat develop- ment to calculate degree days. So from a midge-management perspec- tive, the high-risk window for plant- ing wheat extends from 200 degree days to 600 degree days. Producers who must plant during that high-risk window should stag- ger their planting dates. Glogoza says wheat producers who wait until 600 degree days accumulate before planting are running the risk of frost damage or greater losses due to bar- ley yellow dwarf (BYDV), a virus transmitted by aphids. Glogoza has suggestions that farmers may want to consider when planning for wheat midge manage- ment this year: * Consult with extension agents to determine the accumulation of degree days. * Listen to media reports and review other information sources that detail area-specific high-risk windows for planting. * Increased seeding rates reduce tillering and secondary heading and promotes a window of time for heading and flowering that is nar- rower than normal, thereby limiting the time available for midge to deposit eggs on heads in a field. * Tram lines, established at plant- ing, permit easier use of ground application equipment if treatments are necessary later in the season. * Peak midge activity occurs about 9 p.m., on evenings when air temperatures exceed 59 F and wind speed is less than 6 miles per hour. When temperatures are less than 59 F or wind speed is greater than 6 miles per hour, adults are not active- ly laying eggs on the primary wheat heads. The wheat midge soil survey was based on soil samples taken last fall by county extension agents under the direction of NDSU entomolo- gists. The North Dakota Wheat Commission provided financial support for the effort. ~EItE'S NOT ENOUGH ART IN OUR SCHOoLs. NO WONDER PEOPLE SAY "GESUNDHEIT" WHEN YOU SAY If one were to make a quick list of the world's favorite com~)sers .... despzte his relatively recent vintage Peter llyich Tchatkovsky would be on a. After all, he did compose Swan Lake. which is perhaps the even alier he became world-lamous. Setbacks hke these could have finished a lesser man. Instead, they in/brmed his work, which remams some of the best loved m history Yet some kids wall stall confuse most farmms ballet Tchalkovsky wnh a nasal spasm, F,g. 1 Pollen of all time, And Why; Because the arts are slowly there can't be more but surely being ehminated from Pa,~r Ilywh Tcha*~owky ~dured many ~,~bac~s, than .lust a handfhl of ~thtlcusldi,,hDchw, uabhndharbtr today's schools,' even though a ballet companies that don't perform 7he Nurcrackei every Christmas Indeed, this great Ronuntic ~:trmtx~ser should be so ~. immortahzed. As a young man, he pursued a career m music at enormous personal risk and against his own ather's advice. His mild temperament combmed wnh h]s tendency td work nX~ hard left h~m with ifi~mnla, debdnating headaches and hallucZnanon~; On top of that, Tchaikovsky's composition teacher never hked his v,;ork, majoritY/of the parents beheve music and drama and dance and art make their children better studems andbetter people, To help reverse this diaurbing trend, or [or more inlbrmation about all the many benefits of arts education, wsn us al AmericansForTheArts org: Or else Tchatkovsky could seem like just another casualty of'allergy season. ART. ASK FOR MORB. Publication accompanies this story and is available on the World Wide Web at s/newsrelease/2003/022003/09mo rein.htm North Dakota continues to have one of the highest multiple job- holding rates in the nation. According to the recent Economic Brief released from the North Dakota State Data Center at North Dakota State University, nearly 10 percent of all employed North Dakotans held more than one job. Only Nebraska had a higher rate (10.4 percent). Nationally. 5.4 per- cent of employees held multiple jobs. "The reasons for multiple job- holding are varied and include low wages, limited benefits, and underemployment. What is unique about the Upper Great Plains, the region of the country with the highest concentration of multiple jobholders, is its rural nature. Much of the region is dependent on agriculture, which has a high concentration of multiple jobhold- ers. In addition, the very low pop- ulation density in the rural parts of the region creates a labor supply problem that fosters multiple job- holding," said Richard Rathge, director of the State Data Center. The highest rates continue to be found in l Upper Great Plains states. trast, states along the southern border reported sorne~ the lowest rates. The lowest in 2001 were and Georgia (4.1 percent and Florida and Louisiana percent each). Four states and the District had rates of 4.5 percent or less, During the past four North Dakota's multiple ing rate has been steadily ing, down from a high of cent in 1998. What to do if you are a victim of identity theft Whether you discover unusual charges on your credit cards, start receiving bills for items you never bought, or notice accounts listed on. your credit report that are not yours, identity theft is not easy to fix. "As soon as you discover that you've been a victim of identity theft, take immediate action," said Steve Rhode, president and co- found of Myvesta, a nonprofit financial management organiza- tion. "Every day you delay will make clearing your name that much harder." According to Rhode the first thing you should do is contact your local police department and report the crime. "Some banks may require a police report as proof you've been a victim of identity theft," Rhode said. "Then it's time to get on the phone and notify your creditors of what happened. Call your creditors and ask to speak to their fraud department, then follow up with a certified letter, return receipt requested, to confirm your call." Rhode also recommends taking theses additional steps after being a victim of identity theft: Obtain a consolidated copy of your credit report from A consolidated report contains information from all three credit-reporting agencies Experian, Trans Union and Equifax. Contact the credit agencies and have them fraud alert in your file. Call your bank or credit and have them cancel numbers. ATM and debit cards PIN numbers, then get new Call your local utility nies ,to let them know that may in your name. More information on from identity theft can be the Myvesta publication Theft: How to Protect Yourself: What to Do If You Are can be downloaded free Myvesta, Antiques & Collectibles... Antiques & Collectibles Metals Can Be Restored Q. We have an old trunk filled with assorted brass items including doorknobs, outdoor lanterns, door pushers, and other pieces, salvaged from an old demolished hotel. All of the pieces are badly stained and have turned black being exposed to wet mud. Nothing we've used so far will properly clean them, and the ugly tar-like black stains and streaks still remain. How can they possibly be restored to their original shine? Rebecca Allen, Decatur, III A. l've been down that road myself once having a beautiful Swedish brass candleholder that developed black spots due to flood- water damage, that wouldn't come clean or shine after using various products. Then at an antique show I found the right product, which not only restored the piece to better than its original shine, but also kept it shining brightly for over a year. That product is MAAS Metal Polish which effortlessly not only restores and shines to perfection badly stained brass, but copper, chrome, silver, gold, and everything else from old glass fireplace doors to dis- colored stainless steel sinks leaving a lasting shine - no matter how badly Place your classified ad in every North Dakota Newspaper for only $139 Dickey County Leader 349-3222 The Oakes Times 742-2361 IlELP WANTED ADVERTISING MANAGER THE Daily News of Wahpeton, ND is currently seeking a enthusiastic, self-motivated person to head up the advertising staff. Send resume and salary requirements to: Mitzi Moe, Daily News, PO Box 760. Wahpeton, ND or email: mitzim@ DEVELOPMENT DIRECTOR: CITY of Carrington. seeking Development Direc- tor. Qualified applicants must be self-moti- vated, professional, community-oriented, possess good communication/organizational skills. Salary negotiable; full benefit pack- age. 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' WE WILL CLIP news stories about you, your business or orgenization printed in North Dakota and out-of-stat~ newspaper, North Dakota Newspaper Clippin8 Service, (701) 223-6397. PUBLIC NOTICES ARE your connection to government -- available in your newspa- per and searchable by newspaper, city or keyword at www.ndpublicnoticesxom. stained, spotted, discolored, damaged, weathered, dirty, drab, or dull they may be, and also beautifully clean embossed with fancy curlicui terns embedded with ugly residue left from years of that looks awful'when servin guests, giving them cause to It is available in a large bottk $9.95 plus $2.95 shipping includes a free polishing cloth ! treated with the MAAS (perfect to keep jewelry, plastic, glass, and ceramic knacks dustproof, and months). After polishing, outdoor brass lanterns and metals exposed to harsh wiping on MAAS Metal available in a large tube plus $2.95 shipping to Polishing Systemes, Dept. D, Box 128, La Grange, IL 0128. Q. I get so mixed ~ how to tell pewter, from silver, Sheffield plate. Where can I information on such pieces, learn how to tell the between them? Carrie Long Beach, CA A. An incredible book extensive chapter on WORK that'll tell you in detail you want to know, and 'how to recognize doctored-up fakes regarding and other antiques, and includes values for many items pictured in black and and color, and offers a room-in-a-book education lectors and dealers alike, is Antiques? Basic Book 4th Edition Information about Furniture, Ceramics, Metals, More" by George Michael. available in an easy-to-use edition for $25.95 postpaid Krause Publications, 700 13. St., Iola; WI 54990-0001. Or (800) 258-0929 toll free to must say that it was-George who was a pioneer in show "Antiques" for other antique TV shows low. NOTE: 20th Design Auction, March To order a full-color catalog items with their estimated write John To~ Gallery, 818 North Blvd.. Oak IL 60301, or phone Or to view the excitit~ items their Website: at gallery.corn Write Anita Gold, EO. 597401, Chicago, IL 60659; a self-addressed :