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Oakes Times
Oakes , North Dakota
June 26, 2014     Oakes Times
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June 26, 2014

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Section B -- Times Leader, Thursday, June 26, 2014 David Ripplinger, Assistant Professor, NDSU Agribusiness and Applied Economics Department New technology and improved practices have resulted in" average U.S. corn yields rising from 20 bushels per acre in 1930 to more than 150 bushels per acre today. During the Bid Industry Summit held May 21 on the main cam- pus of NDSU, Beth Calabotta of Monsanto provided an overview of challenges associated with supplying a growing and ever- wealthier global population with the food, fuel and other products it demands. One point brought up by Calabotta is that increased agri- cultural productivity typically reduces the environmental foot- print of a crop on a per-unit basis. Corn is a good example. New technology and improved prac- tices have resulted in average U.S. corn yields rising from 20 bushels per acre in 1930 to more than 1 ~13 hnqhed~ Der acre today, which has outpaced the corresponding increased use of energy and result- ing emissions. As North Dakota's bioenergy and bioproducts economist, I spend a lot of time researching the environmental sustainability of products and how they relate to economic profits. The prima- ry tool I use for this is a life cycle assessment (LCA), which is a standardized method to model systems and measure the amount of energy used and greenhouse ing is very detailed and' 6ft n pr0- vides insights that are not readily apparent. For example, it's obvious that today's com farmers use energy to power equipment. What might not be obvious is the energy embodied in nitrogen fertilizer or a 560-horsepower tractor. These and many other inputs usually are considered aspart of an LCA. The impacts of biotechnology on agriculture productivity and energy use have been especially significant beginning with the introduction of double-crossed hybrids in the 1930s and con- tinuing to the genetic engineering of today. I'm currently working to shepherd a few new biofuels through the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) approv- al process that requires quantify- ing their environmental footprint. biofuel decrease. This change may support these fuels to qualify as renewable or advanced biofuels. Of course, there is more to agricultural biotechnology than increasing yields. New traits might eliminate the use of a cur- rent pesticide, which takes energy to produce and apply. At the same time, commercialized nitrogen use efficiency technology might sig- nificantly reduce fertilizer appli- cations. Although the issue of energy efficiency may not be at the top of all farmers' minds, the issue is important. In addition to new The EPA asks for expected fuels qualifying as renewable or annual yield increases for each advanced biofuels with the EPA, biofuel feedstock. The ageney i bi t el refiners who market their interested in the energy and result- ing GHG emissions from pro- ducing a gallon of biofuel. As crop yields increase, holding other things constant, the energy used and GHG emitted per gallon of fuels into areas with low carbon fuel standards, such as Califomia and British Columbia, may capi- talize on their products' smaller environmental footprint. Campney, Jr, Randy Scott of Ellendale, ND, Vehicle w/Tinted or Driver Compartment Window Nor to be Used; Front Seat Occupants Not Belted Eull, Dale Scott of Verona, ND, Vehicle w/Tinted or Driver Compartment Window Not to be Used Gustafson, Rachel M of Phillips, NE, Speeding Violations Jorgenson, Nicholas John of Oakes, ND, Speeding Violations Lamb, Roydon Lyn of Webster, SD, Speeding Violations Larson, Carrili Amelia of Gwinner, ND, Speeding Violations McNeil, Roger Scott of Fargo, ND, Speeding Violations Nishek, Bradley Donald of Ellendale, ND, Speeding Violations Rohr, Todd Michael of Aberdeen, SD, Speeding Violations Schouten, Joleen Jennifer of Ellendale, ND, Failed To Display Current Registration, Plates, Tabs . Surgeoner, Scott John of Flowery Br, GA, Front Seat occupants Not Belted Thielges, Jennifer Marie of Jamestown, ND, Speeding Violations Williams, Bette Jean of Jackson, MN, Speeding Violations Gross, Chad Everett of Ellendale, ND, Noisy dog or cat Prohibited (City of Ellendale) Line, Jarries Francis of Fargo, ND, Engine Braking Prohibited 1 st Offense (City of Ellendale) Barbarona, Bejie Laride of Pine River, MN, Operating Without Permit; Failure to Register Motor Vehicle Cantu, Alejandro of Oakes, NO, Open Receptacle Chavero, Amulto of Oakes, ND, Allow Pets to Run at Large (City Code) Deleon, Lazaro Ramon of Lerado, TX, Consumption or Sale of Alcoholic Beverages Prohibited on Public Streets or Alleys Kopperud, Julie Ann of Oakes, ND, Fail to Give Immediate Notce of Reportable Accident Babic, Jenee M of Fergus Falls, MN, Unauthorized Use of Personal Identifying Information; Felony C; Criminal Judgment; Department of Corrections, 06/10/2014 - 06/10/2019, Supervised Probation, 06/10/2014 - 06/10/2019, Appendix A, 06/10/2014 - 06/10/2019, Pay Costs FromBondPosted, 06/11/2014; Criminal Administration Fee $400.00, Defense/Facility Admin Fee $100.00, Fine/State $3,000.00, Indigent Recoupment $300.00, Restitution $474.00, Victim- Witness Fee $25.00, Fee Totals: $4,299.00; Agency: Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, Term:5 Years; Susloended: 5 Years, Probation: 5 Years; Unauthorized Use of Personal Identifying Information; Felony C, Criminal Judgment; Appendix A, 06/10/2014 06/10/2019, Department of Corrections, 06/10/2014 - 06/10/2019, Supervised Probatign, 06/10/2014 - 06/10/2019; Fine/State $3,000.00, Fee Totals: $3,000.00; Agency: Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, Term: 5 Years; Suspended: 5 Years; Probations: 5 Years; Consecutive with: Count 1 Severson, Joey of Sioux Falls, SD; Breaking into a Vehicle; Felony C; Criminal Judgment; Department of Corrections, 06//10/2014.- 06/10/2014, Supervised Probation, 06/10/2014 - 06/10/2016, Appendix A, 06/11/2014 06/10/2016; Criminal Administration Fee $400.00, Defcns.e/Facility Admin Fee $100.00, Indigent Defense Application Fee $35.00, Indigent Recoupment $300.00, Victim- Witness Fee $25.00, Fee Totals: $860.00; Agency: Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, Term: 300 Days, Probabtion: 2 Years, Credit for Time Served: 300 Days, Supervision to run concurrent with South Dakota Case; Comment (Restitution of $300.00 joint and several with Co-Defendant Kristofer Freudenthal 11-2013-CR-00068) Watch for unexplained deaths in livestock and wildlife. Several livestock deaths have been attributed to blue- green algae poisoning in North Dakota recently, putting livestock producers and veterinarians on alert. Cases usually occur in late summer or early fall, when stagnant ponds and the right nutrient conditions allow for overgrowth of algae, according to Gerald Stokka, North Dakota State University Extension veterinar- ian and livestock stewardship specialist. However, this spring's mild weather and warm water have been ideal conditions for algae blooms to occur. Blue-green algae, also known as cyanobacteria, typi- A veterinarian can help determine if a-particular pond has toxic concentrations of the algae, Stokka says. Another option is to send a water sample to the NDSU Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory. The lab also can diagnose a blue-green algae problem in dead animals if someone sends a liver sample. For more information on how to submit samples, contact the tab at (701) 231- 7527 or (701) 231-8307, or visit its website at http:// If a pond contains toxic concentrations of blue-green algae, keep animals from drinking tilt'water by fenc- ing off the pond and providing another source of water. Because the toxins are concentrated at the surface, water cally grow in stagnant, warm pond water. When the may be pumpedTrom the bottom of deep sloughs or algae die, they prod i' e: : b i poisonous to most potholes t tafiks. " " : .... hvestock and wddhfe, including aucks, geese, rabbits, blooms last only a few day.s, muskrats, frogs, fish and snakes. Under favorable conditions, blue-green algae can double in number in 24 hours, and these blooms can turn pond water blue to brownish green. ' "A close watch for unexplained livestock deaths is important," Stokka says. "Consult a veterinarian to find a cause of death so steps can be taken to prevent addi- tional livestock deaths." He also urges producers to take note of any dead wildlife around bodies of water because that could be an indication of blue-green algae in the water. The algae flourish only in the top few inches of water, so toxic concentrations typically are found just in small ponds where waves don't mix the water thoroughly. Blue- green algae blooms do not occur in lakes and rivers. but they may persist for several weeks. Small ponds that don't drain into other waterways or bodies of water may need to be treated with copper s lfate or an algicide. Stokka recommends a treatment rate of 2 pounds of copper sulfate per acre-t'oot of water. That approximates a rate of 8 pounds per 1 million gal- lons. Toxin levels increase immediately after treatment, so livestock should not be allowed to drink from treated ponds fora week. For more information on detecting blue-green algae and protecting livestock from its toxins, contact your countyoffice of the NDSU Extension Service. Ask for the publication "Cyanobacteria (Blue Green Algae) Poisoning." Tobacco companies hook their customers to a life-time'nicotine addiction, and need to recruit replacements for those who have died. They want your children for replacements. We can reduce youth smoking by making tobacco less affordable - increasing the cigarette tax to $2 per pack can reduce youth smoking by an incredible 25 percent. Source: American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network and Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids: Public Health Benefits from Increasing a Cigarette Tax For more information visit BreatheN Brought Tobacco Prevention and Control Policy and Dickey County leaith District, 205 - 15 Street Northr Ellendale, ND 58436, 701-349-4348 ...... An experimental antlerless deer archery season will open this fall on the North Dakota Department of Corrections and Rehabilitati'mfland south of Bismarck. Interested hunt- ers must apply for an access permit from NDDOCR at (under the Archery Hunt header) before receiv- ing a license. The deadline for applying is July 1 at 4 p.m. Only 25 access permits will be PRINCE OF PEACE CARE CENTER EVERGREEN PLACE ~ ASSISTED LIVING BENEDICTINE HEALTH SYSTEM 201 8th St. N.,Ellendale, ND 58436 PPCC~701-349-3312 EP/EA~701-349-4550 Prince of Peace Care Canter is a 53 bed skilled nursing facility with 11 designated private rooms and 11 semi-private rooms. The other 20 beds are utilized to serve residents with Alzheimer's or Dementia related illnesses. Our facility offers the following services: Medicare A & B, Rehabilitation (Physical therapy, Occupational therapy, and Speech therapy), Psychiatric services, Respiratory/Oxygen therapy, Physician services through Avers Clinic, Aberdeen SD, and Sanford Health, Cakes, ND, Hospice, IV Therapy, and Resp te Care (shOrt-term stays). Evergreen Place offers ten private rooms and five double rooms located in the upper level of the facility. The lower level of the facility houses five assisted living apartments with garages ava ab e to the tenants Our facility offers the following services: on-duty licensed nurse 3 days a week, 24 hour RN/LPN on-call nursing, 24 hour superv s on, medication administration by kctrained staff 3 meas a day with snacks housekeeping and laundry services, physical therapy, tivities, spiritual care, soc al services, dietary, and Pharmacy consultations/services. ~,J Thrivent Financial. Helping members achieve their Rnancial goals. THRIVE T NI::I NA N C I A L Appleton;.il~oonsin Minneapolis~ M[nnes0ta Th-r Vent:tom =00-847-4836 ~ ~.~ ...... Paul Mahler, CLT@, FIC Financial Associate Thrivent Financial 520 1st St. N. Ellendale, ND 58436 701-349-4780 issued. A maximum of 75 antlerless deer licenses will be available from the North Dakota Game and Fish Department's Bismarck office. Each access permit holder can purchase up to three antlerless white-tailed deer licenses. Other details, including areas open to hunting, is determined by the NDDOCR. For more informa- tion, refer to the NDDOCR website. Farm Facts More than three million people farm or ranch in the United States. Individuals, family partnerships or family corporations operate almost 99 percent of U.S. farms. Over 22 million people are employed in farm or farm-related jobs. According to the 2002 Census of Agriculture, 50 percent of the farmers are 55 years of age or older, up only three percent from 1997. Average age of the principal opera- tor is 55.3. Forty-one percent of U.S. total land area is farmland. In 1900, the average farm size was 147 acres, compared to 441 acres today. The top five agricultural com- modities are cattle and calves, dairy products, broilers, corn and soy- beans. U.S. farmers produce 46% of the world's soybeans, 41% of the world's corn, 20.5% of the world's cotton and 13% of the world's wheat. In the 1960s one farmer supplied food for 25.8 persons in the U.S. and abroad. Today, one farmer supplies food for 144 peopIe in the U.S. and abroad. ( t